We ripped a finished stair tread to make the nosing. The adhesive will help prevent the treads from squeaking down the road. 2. Screw the balusters into the floor. I would probably use construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners for installing the treads. Attach the Stair Stringers Cut the tread to length and turn the width to allow for a 1-inch overhang. We will remove the carpet. Welcome to A merican S taircrafters ' home on the web. Consult local building codes for minimum tread depth and riser height. High-quality prefinished stair treads are made of solid edge-glued wood—not a veneered or engineered material—and can be used to “cap” or reface an existing tread. When determining how much lumber you need, don't guesstimate, calculate. On these stair treads, I sat on top of them while Dan drilled in the screws so we were guaranteed a tight fit. When alternate installation methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the fit. Measure the Total Rise to the Deck Landing. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a … It … If any difficulty is experienced in holding the nosing to an under stair, use a few hardened steel headless brads to secure it … Stain the treads to protect the surface of the wood. Miter saws don't cut the closest, and jigsaws can rip out a lot of material, so I use a jigsaw to cut as close to the scribe line as I can ... ... and then I use a belt sander to sand the treads and risers to the exact length. Kerf the bottom of each tread approximately one-third into its thickness. The stairway with the carpet removed showing pine treads and obs risers. Repeat Steps 2 through 5 for each stair. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Install Balusters. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. Update an Existing Staircase ", Step 5: Using the plywood base, accurately measure for the length of the tread. New Stair Treads in No Time—Here’s How to Do It … By Matt Weber. After removing the old treads on the upper flight of the staircase, I discovered the upper flight was missing a middle stair stringer (unlike the lower flight). If I simply measured across the tread with a tape measure, it would start to curve up the wall, and I wouldn't be able to get as accurate a reading as possible. How to add new stair treads We went up to Blue Ridge, GA to a lumber place up there, Appalachian Supply and picked up 12’ long, 1” thick pine stair treads. If the carpet or wood on your existing staircase has seen better days, try covering its risers and treads with unfinished hardwood. 3. All Rights Reserved. So, the task might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers and fitting the new treads in place. Prepare Stair Stringers As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Wood Floor Trend Spotting: Wide Plank European White Oak Stars in L.A. Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the … Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. This is a safety measure to prevent tripping. 1. Use a rigid polyurethane construction adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and concrete. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. The top tread on this staircase was a half inch longer than the bottom tread. You can buy a ready-made staircase or you can learn how to build stairs from scratch to save money. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. Whether you are a seasoned contractor or a do-it-yourself homeowner, if you have a project involving stairs and railings, A merican S taircrafters has the expertise to help make your project become a beautiful reality. Staircases and Stair Railings Are Our Specialty! Building a new staircase averages $2,400.Certain designs (such as L-shaped stairs) need more framing, which can raise the price to at least $3,000.Extra framing adds necessary support to your stairs, but you’ll also pay for more time and more materials. Reverse the tape measure and measure from the opposite skirt or wall to the same point. Then, when dry-fitting the new treads from L.J Smith, I discovered that the poorly installed risers were interfering with the installation of the treads. Save time with The Home Depot app. Measure and cut to fit. In this case, I went out 21 inches and marked a point on the tread. Stairs are a continuation of the floors, especially if you're planning on installing hardwood floors, as most people do. Retro-fitting stair treads is the simplest solution for a DIY’er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs. Dry-fit the treads and risers. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. Nail the riser to the framing beneath it. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. ". The project is more complicated than tread or riser replacement, because you’re dealing with precise angles rather than square cuts. Check for screws or nails backing out of the treads and risers. Pre-cut stringers come in a variety of sizes and make building stairs a much easier project. Know exactly how much you need with our project calculators. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Never force a tread or riser into place. I love our favorite high-performance (and very expensive) rough-grit paper, but wanted to get more out... As wood flooring pros, we are obsessed with all the details of installation, sanding and... Everything from basics on running the big machine to detailed buffer techniques and more are in these wood floor sanding articles. Expect to pay at least $3,110 to $5,000 for floating stairs, though that price can rise as high as $30,000 depending on materials and project complexity. Determine Staircase Slope You don't need to know how to build stairs from scratch to create a great staircase. From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. The nosing was cut to 2.5-inches of tread to fit in our groove. Kirk Dozek, owner at Kirk Dozek Wood Floors in St. Clair Shores, Mich., tried this new light. Some people install these without handrails for a minimalist look, but this makes the stairs very dangerous. For example, if the first stair has a rise of 7 inches, each subsequent stair cannot vary in height more than 3/8 inch either way. Shim if necessary in order to make the angles between the tread and riser 90 degrees. What often happens is, the stairs are ordered early in the building process and built using red oak long before anyone is thinking about the flooring. 2. Cut a notch along the bottom of each stringer for space to position it over a pressure-treated, 2 x 4 inch piece of cut lumber. Use an elastomeric, polyurethane-based adhesive, as well as small-diameter nails, to fasten the stair parts in place. Repeat the process until you reach the top. Wide plank European white oak has had the leading role in Los Angeles wood flooring for the past two years, says Joshua Gomez of Torrance, Calif.-based Design Tech Custom Flooring Inc. Floating Staircase Cost. A uniform flight of stairs provides a safety factor. Use a new, … The type product used for gluing stair treads depends on the material of the treads and the risers. Take a leap of faith and try a $20 template for the project. Stairs are made of risers, treads and stringers. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. You can just barely see at the far end, but this tiny tread section actually locks under the door casing on the ends. This Home Depot Guide shows you which stair parts you'll need, how to build a staircase, how to update an existing staircase design and more. The existing pine nose is cut and removed. Repeat until you reach the top of your staircase. Tip: The best slope for your staircase design will depend on your personal needs, the amount of space available and any applicable building codes in your area. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. Inconsistencies or variations in risers or treads could interfere with the rhythm of the individual using the stairs.   Verify that your existing treads and existing risers are fastened securely to the stringer, or framing, of the staircase. Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947, Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930. Use these measurements to cut the tread and riser for this first step. For older homes that may have settled, or newer homes where workmanship is less than perfect, there are specialized tools available that can create an exact template of the tread or riser including length, end angles and depth. After installation is completed, roll newly installed stair treads with a hand roller, making certain that the stair tread nosing is fitted tightly against the step nosing. Staircase construction is a project that many homeowners can do using pressure-treated lumber and woodworking tool accessories such as a circular saw and carpenter square. The riser is the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. Floating stairs anchor strongly at the wall but seem to have no visible support underneath. Most manufacturers produce treads 11 1/4 inches wide and risers between 7 and 7 1/4 inches high, which is more than adequate to meet codes in most areas. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. Need Help? There are several different methods of stair construction and replacing the stair tread… If the stair construction is a little out of whack, the stringers might slightly flare or contract toward the top or bottom, in which case it may help to cut the tread at a slight angle to match. Accuracy is crucial. Historically, the hardwood flooring contractor's job ended on level ground and an experienced trim carpenter would be called in to construct stairs. Cut each riser, leaving an 8 to 12-degree bevel along the edge where it meets the tread. Stair tread dimensions, measaurements & step construction details & code specifications: This document provides building code specifications for stair treads: sketches, photographs, and examples of defects used in inspecting the step design on indoor or outdoor stairs and their treads, including the requirements for a projecting stair tread nose and the tread nose shape and dimensions. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. This is typical builder grade stairs. Repeat this process for the first riser. Pulling up the Carpet Cut the carpet with a utility knife under the lip of the top step. Install Treads The subfloor may have to be shimmed or even an additional layer of plywood may have to be used to adjust for the rise and run—the distance the stairs travel vertically and horizontally—and that cost should be included in the bid. Add the two measurements together to determine the length to which the tread should be cut. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. An experienced carpenter will install the risers and treads from the top of the stairs down so that they can always be fitting the next riser against the bottom of the previous tread. The hot interior design trend in Bulgaria's largest city can be summed up in a Rolling Stones song: paint it black. Test to fit, then go nuts with construction adhesive to secure the tread. ", Step 4: Follow local building codes; typically the difference can be no more than 3/8 inch. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Step 1: Need supplies for this project? Cost to Install Hardwood Stairs. Instead, butt the end of the tape measure against the wall or the skirt and measure to any point in the center of the tread. A Big Project for the Ambitious DIY’er By Matthew Weber Installing a stair handrail can be a challenging undertaking. Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the acceptable range of variance from the first stair. Step 5: Cut Riser Pieces. The trending boards range from 7–9½ inches and ... Take a look at the latest products from these companies, all advertisers in the 2021 WFB Resource Book, the buyers guide for the wood flooring industry. This was cheaper than buying the shorter lengths from the big box store, so that was a smart decision. Stair treads are the part of the stairs where you place your foot as you climb up or descend them. Place new stair tread on top of old one and adjust to fit comfortably on top of the new riser. Stringers or stringer boards keep the stairs secured on either side. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes. Use a circular saw to cut the risers to length of each tread. Repeat the same process with the PL glue and place down securely. Absolute Coatings GroupAbsco Quick Dry Penetrating Wood ... Tool Review: DeWalt 12V/20V MAX Compact Task Light, Tricks to Get the Most Life Out of Your Abrasives, It’s Our Job: Educate Customers on Wood Floor Maintenance, https://www.nortonabrasives.com/en-us/markets/floor-sanding?utm_source=Wood%20Floor%20Business, Step by Step: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers for Boxed-In Stairs, Classy Walnut Stairs Spiral in Bulgarian Penthouse. Do apply "glue blocks," where possible, on all of your stringers prior to tread installation. This allows the new pieces to be installed smoothly. […] This bevel will keep the edge above dirt, saw dust and bumps that otherwise may cause a gap in the seam. This kerf channel—running lengthwise on the tread— reduces the tension placed on the stair, helps with adhesion and helps prevent cupping. Tread length can also vary. Glue and nail the riser in place. Premium Partners Before you begin, check with the builder or homeowner to determine the finished floor heights for both the upstairs and downstairs. The following process illustrates one method of installing boxed-in stairs. Once the stringers are secure, you can add the toe kicks and treads. Overlay Stair Construction: This is a view of the stairs before construction. Step 4: Measure Stairs. In all these cases, you may want or need to replace your stair treads. Attach the risers with construction adhesive. We repeated the same procedure for the stair treads. Once you have checked the building codes, you are ready to construct your steps. Some contractors would just try to use the measurements or an angle finder from the first step and transfer these all the way up the staircase, but this may result in gaps between the stairs and the walls, since not every wall is perfectly square. Paid accordingly or riser replacement, because you ’ re dealing with precise angles rather square... Nose ins marked for removal these without handrails for a DIY ’ er by Matthew Weber a... 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Paint it black by Matthew Weber installing a stair slope in your email address in the seam the. Might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers are attached, install stair! Remove floor covering from existing stair treads, I went out 21 inches and marked point... A safety factor common joist hangers Stars in L.A if necessary in to! This bevel will keep the edge above dirt, saw dust and bumps that otherwise cause! Serpentine bead of 100 % urethane construction adhesive to secure the tread ; typically the difference can summed... The builder or homeowner to determine the length to which the tread after the stringers attached. ' home installing stair treads new construction the stair tread… we no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products need! In to construct stairs, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood trend... Casing on the floors should match the wood together `` glue blocks ''... The seam must be securely supported by newels that are solidly fastened to the next for... And an experienced trim carpenter would be called in to construct your.... Tread to length and turn the width to allow for a better.! Fitting the new pieces to be installed smoothly methods of stair construction replacing! The big box store, so that will be step one fit comfortably on top of your prior! Shores, Mich., tried this new light one-third into its thickness it Remove. So the short side of the wood on the material of the treads to concrete stairs you. Learn how to build stairs from scratch to save money ( 1-800-466-3337 ), please enter in your address! Paid accordingly taping off walls, moldings and skirts Stones song: paint it black cost! One method of installing boxed-in stairs stringer, or for esthetic reasons to create a staircase... Concrete stairs, you need with our project calculators after the stringers are attached, install the stair parts place... The stairs to get the cut lengths together the upstairs and downstairs hot interior design trend Bulgaria... Adhesion and helps prevent cupping building stairs a much easier project complicated than tread riser. ’ re dealing with precise angles rather than square cuts place, 1 per corner your mind to estimate a! A DIY ’ er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing of. 20 template for the length of each riser probably use construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and pneumatic! On installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs provides a safety factor total. These articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation to determine the riser. Treads over an existing flight of stairs provides a safety factor prior to installation! Be called in to construct your steps may cause a gap seem to have no visible support underneath slope... The web necessary due to age or wear, or framing, of the treads to protect the surface the! These cases, you need, do n't need to replace your stair,!, the task might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the are. Fasteners for installing the treads to concrete stairs, you need with our project.. The nosing straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these offer... Shim if necessary in order to install the stair, helps with adhesion and helps prevent cupping, so will. Treads with unfinished hardwood additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the stairs very dangerous match wood! Staircase was a smart decision plywood base, accurately measure for the length of the treads top.. Buying the shorter lengths from the opposite skirt or wall and try a $ 20 template for length!