Beginning in 2013, the YouTube channel AwesomenessTV created a series streamed on the platform that followed the well known and well decorated senior coed team “Smoed” from the California Allstars program in San Marcos, California. One of the many influences for both hip-hop culture and music was Jamaican dub music, which arose as a sub-genre of reggae in the 1960s. The first World Cheerleading Championships, or Cheerleading Worlds, were hosted by the USASF/IASF at the Walt Disney World Resort and taped for an ESPN global broadcast in 2004. These stunts are performed at games and pep rallies, as well as competitions. [44][unreliable source?]. Cheerleading in Canada is rising in popularity among the youth in co-curricular programs. At the college level, cheerleaders are often invited to help at university fundraisers and events. There are also an All Star Cheerleader and We Cheer for the Wii in which one does routines at competitions with the Wiimote & Nunchuck. [88] Meanwhile, in the US, cheerleading accounted for 65.1% of all major physical injuries to high school females, and to 66.7% of major injuries to college students due to physical activity from 1982 to 2007, with 22,900 minors being admitted to hospital with cheerleading-related injuries in 2002. Middle school cheerleaders use the same cheerleading movements as their older counterparts, yet may perform less extreme stunts and tumbling elements, depending on the rules in their area. There is a large debate on whether or not cheerleading should be considered a sport for Title IX (a portion of the United States Education Amendments of 1972 forbidding discrimination under any education program on the basis of sex) purposes. The 2007 series Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders: Making the Team shows the process of getting on the pro squad of the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders. National Cheerleading Championships (NCC):[55] The NCC is the annual IFC-sanctioned national cheerleading competition in Indonesia organised by the Indonesian Cheerleading Community (ICC). For other uses, see, An athletic sport based on cheering for a team. These students would cheer for the team also at football practices, and special cheering sections were designated in the stands for the games themselves for both the home and visiting teams.[16][17]. This requires the teams to choreograph a 2-minute and 30 second routine that includes elements of jumps, tumbling, stunting, basket tosses, and pyramids. All Star Cheerleader is also available for Nintendo DS. [3], Cheerleading began during the late 18th century with the rebellion of male students. How cheering for one's team became an organized sport in its own right This competition is only for All-Star/Club cheer. [85][86] Sometimes, however, injuries can be as serious as whiplash, broken necks, broken vertebrae, and death. Cheer Evolution is the largest cheerleading and dance organization for Canada. [99], The International Cheer Union (ICU) is built of 103 countries that compete against each other in four divisions; Coed Premier, All-girl Premier, Coed Elite, and All-girl Elite. Fans have always cheered for their favorite teams, but cheerleading as an organized sport or activity dates back to 1898 when a student at the University of Minnesota led the crowd in an organized cheer. As of 2020[update], all-star cheerleading, as sanctioned by the USASF, involves a squad of 5–36 females and males. Although less popular and less visible than mainstream cheerleading, such alternative groups similarly use the energy, spirit, and performativity of cheerleading to communicate with and influence audiences. As ambassadors for their schools and communities, cheerleaders were associated with such character-building traits as discipline, cooperation, leadership, and sportsmanship. The PCC is a biennial event, and was held for the second time in Lima, Peru, in November 2010. He also approximated that ninety-five percent of cheerleaders within America were female. [100], This article is about American-style cheerleading. [89][90], In October 2009, the American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors (AACCA), a subsidiary of Varsity Brands, released a study that analyzed the data from emergency room visits of all high school athletes. There are over forty recognized competitive gym clubs with numerous teams that compete at competitions across Canada. Cheerleading began during the late 18th century with the rebellion of male students. The IFC objectives are to promote cheerleading worldwide, to spread knowledge of cheerleading, and to develop friendly relations among the member associations and federations. [56] Since NCC 2010, the event is now open to international competition, representing a significant step forward for the ICC. The rules and guidelines for cheerleading used in Canada are the ones set out by the USASF. [97], There are two world championship competitions that Canada participates in. The Pop Warner Association even hosts a national championship each December for teams in their program who qualify. [75] In 2014, the American Medical Association adopted a policy that, as the leading cause of catastrophic injuries of female athletes both in high school and college, cheerleading should be considered a sport. In some cases, unqualified coaches and inexperienced squads were attempting dangerous stunts as a result of these expanded sets of rules.[42]. The cheer, "Hurrah! Members tryout and are selected on the basis of their skills and potential to succeed. A-h-h-h!" Those changes served to make cheerleading more appealing for a generation of girls and women who had more options for athletic involvement than past ones, and they led to a resurgence of male participation, particularly at the college level. Claire was the main focus of the show's first story arc, featuring the popular catchphrase, "Save the cheerleader, save the world". The accident caused the Missouri Valley Conference to ban its member schools from allowing cheerleaders to be "launched or tossed and from taking part in formations higher than two levels" for one week during a women's basketball conference tournament, and also resulted in a recommendation by the NCAA that conferences and tournaments do not allow pyramids two and one half levels high or higher, and a stunt known as basket tosses, during the rest of the men's and women's basketball season. [25] Cheerleading could be found at almost every school level across the country, even pee wee and youth leagues began to appear. It can range from chanting slogans to intense physical activity. Varsity:[60] Varsity Spirit, a branch of Varsity Brands is a parent company which, over the past 10 years, has absorbed or bought most other cheerleading event production companies. The first junior cheerleading team that was selected to become the junior national team was Eastside Middle School, located in Mount Washington Kentucky and will represent the United States in the inaugural junior division at the world championships.[46]. Women were selected for two reasons: visual sex appeal, and the ability to dance. Over the latter half of the 19th century, as attendance at college games grew, large stadiums were constructed, and spectators were distanced from the playing field. They look out for deductions, or things that go wrong, such as a dropped stunt or a tumbler who doesn’t stick a landing. 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